Technical and Industrial

Ernest Moniz, Ph.D.

Former United States Secretary Of Energy senior Counsel To Advisory Board

Dr. Ernest Moniz has a distinguished career in academia and public service. Dr. Moniz served as the 13th United States Secretary of Energy from 2013 to January 2017. He is the Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Physics and Engineering Systems Emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and serves as Special Advisor to the President of MIT. He was a member of MIT faculty from 1973 to 2013, where he was the Founding Director of the MIT Energy Initiative and Director of the Laboratory for Energy and the Environment, the Head of the MIT Department of Physics, and Director of the Bates Linear Accelerator Center.

Dr. Moniz is a Fellow of the American Physics Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Humboldt Foundation and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and inaugural Distinguished Fellow of the Emerson Collective. He is the Co-Chairman and CEO of the Nuclear Threat Initiative and also CEO of Energy Futures Initiative, Inc., a non-profit energy innovation policy institute. Dr. Moniz received a Bachelor of Science degree summa cum laude in physics from Boston College, a doctorate in theoretical physics from Stanford University, and nine honorary doctorates.

Charles “Chip” Pardee

Former Executive Vice President And Chief Operating Officer, Tennessee Valley Authority

Chip Pardee has more than three decades of leadership experience in the electric utility industry, including past operational responsibilities at a dozen U.S. nuclear stations. From 2013 to 2017 he was Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of the Tennessee Valley Authority, the largest public power provider in the United States and the sixth largest by generating capacity with approximately 35 gigawatts, of which nuclear generation is 40 percent.

At TVA, Mr. Pardee has led more than 8,000 Operations employees in five business units: Nuclear; Power Operations; Transmission & Power Supply; Generation Construction, Projects & Services; and Safety, River Management & Environment. Leadership responsibilities include oversight of 17,000 miles of transmission lines and 35,000 megawatts of nuclear, coal, hydroelectric, natural gas and renewable energy generation.

Prior to joining TVA, he was chief operating officer of Exelon Generation, where he led more than 10,000 employees and managed 30,000 megawatts of diverse generation, including the nation’s largest nuclear fleet. At the same time, he served as chairman of Constellation Energy Nuclear Group, an Exelon subsidiary. He served as president and chief nuclear officer of Exelon Nuclear, and held other positions held within Exelon Nuclear.

Mr. Pardee is currently a member of the Nuclear Safety Advisory Board of Tokyo Electric Power Company, and a member of the Committee for Nuclear Power of the Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation. He has held leadership positions at General Electric, three electric utilities, and numerous nuclear industry organizations and led the nuclear industry’s Fukushima Response Steering Committee.

Ray O. Johnson, Ph.D.

Former Chief Technology Officer, Lockheed Martin Corporation

Dr. Ray Johnson served for nine years as Senior Vice President of Corporate Engineering, Technology and Operations, and Chief Technology Officer of Lockheed Martin Corporation. Lockheed Martin is a Fortune 100 company with annual revenues exceeding US $45 billion and employing over 116,000 personnel worldwide. Dr. Johnson was responsible for over 72,000 personnel working on over 4,000 programs that provide the nation’s most vital security systems. Prior to his role at Lockheed Martin, Dr. Johnson spent ten years in senior executive roles with Modern Technology Solutions Inc. and Science Applications International Corp. – both large defense contracting companies.

Dr. Johnson has been invited to speak at the World Economic Forum from 2009 to 2014, and he has provided expert testimony to the United States Congress. He is a much sought-after speaker on business, strategy and innovation.

Dr. Johnson served as an officer in United States Air Force for 12 years. He received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology.

Lord John Browne

Former CEO of BP

Lord John Browne of Madingley is Chairman of BeyondNetZero, a climate growth equity venture established in partnership with General Atlantic. He served as Group Chief Executive of international energy company BP from 1995 to 2007, having joined the company in 1966 as a university apprentice. He led BP through a period of significant growth and transformation, including a merger with Amoco in 1998. His landmark speech at Stanford University in 1997 established BP as a global leader in the way it thought about and sought to address climate change. In 2007, Lord Browne joined Riverstone, where he was co-head of the world’s largest renewable energy private equity fund until 2015. He is Chairman of Windward, a global maritime predictive intelligence company and Chairman of SparkCognition, and artificial intelligence technology company.

Lord Browne is independent co-Chairman of the Prime Minister’s Council on Science and Technology, Chairman of the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering, Chairman of the Francis Crick Institute, Chairman of the Courtauld Institute of Art, and a past President of the Royal Academy of Engineering

Policy and Regulatory

Right Honourable Stephen Harper

Former Prime Minister Of Canada

The Right Honourable Stephen Harper led Canada through the world’s most complex geopolitical, economic and security challenges as the country’s twenty-second Prime Minister for nearly ten years.

During his tenure in international forums such as the G-7 and G-20, NATO, and the United Nations, Mr. Harper was known for a frank, assertive leadership style defined by principled diplomacy, disciplined economic policy, a strong stance on international peace and security, and passionate defence of freedom and human dignity.

Mr. Harper created the modern Conservative Party of Canada, won three successive national elections, and was the longest serving Conservative Prime Minister since Canada’s founding Prime Minister in 1891. Under his watch, Canada emerged from the 2008 economic crisis faster and stronger than its peers.

Among his many accomplishments in office, Mr. Harper brought federal taxes to their lowest level in 50 years, balanced the budget while making investments in health care and infrastructure, overhauled the criminal justice system, and expanded Canada’s international trade network tenfold. On the international stage Prime Minister Harper undertook a principled foreign policy working closely with Canada’s G7 and other partners and stood staunchly by besieged allies Israel and Ukraine. An economist by training, Mr. Harper helped shape financial reform frameworks at the G-20 table, implemented a sustainable approach to fiscal stimulus, and led the call for open markets founded pragmatic, growth-oriented economic policy.

Jeffrey Merrifield, J.D.

Former Commissioner, U.s. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
legal Counsel To Advisory Board

Jeffrey Merrifield was appointed by President Bill Clinton and reappointed by President George W. Bush to serve on the five-member, Senate-confirmed, independent United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission. During his tenure, which was from October 1998 to June 2002 and from August 2002 to June 2007, the NRC had a staff of 3,250 employees with a budget of US $900 million and set all policies and rules that govern the safe and secure use of nuclear materials at the 104 U.S. nuclear power plants operating at that time.

Mr. Merrifield was Senior Vice President of Global Business Development with CB&I’s Power Business Unit. While there, he led a team of 25 sales and proposal staff to develop and win over US $1.5 billion in annual sales. Prior to that, he was Senior Vice President for The Shaw Group, Inc.’s Power Group. As a member of the Power Group’s executive team, he was responsible for overseeing the group’s external relationships including nuclear business development, customer relations, strategic planning, marketing and communications, as well as government and regulatory affairs.

Mr. Merrifield has published numerous articles and has appeared on numerous network television interviews, including CNN, CNBC, MSNBC, NBC, FOX, BBC, Bloomberg and ABC. He received his Juris Doctorate from Georgetown University and his B.A. from Tufts University.


Lord Ian Duncan, Ph.D.

Former Uk Minister For Climate Change

Lord Ian Duncan of Springbank is a Life Peer in the United Kingdom’s House of Lords. Dr. Ian Duncan was Government Minister for Climate Change within the Department of Business Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) from July 2019 to February 2020. He was also Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State in the Scotland Office from June 2017 to July 2019, and Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Wales between June and October 2017.

In 2014 Lord Duncan was elected to the European Parliament. There, he served on the Environment & Public Health (ENVI) Committee, the Industry, Research & Energy (ITRE) Committee, and the Fisheries (PECH) Committee, and as a member of the Special Committees investigating the ‘Diesel-gate’ scandal and the implications of the ‘Panama Papers’ leak. During his time in the Parliament, Ian’s primary focus was climate change. He was a Parliamentary delegate to the UN Climate Change Conferences (COP) in Lima (2014), Paris (2015) and Marrakech (2016). He was the Parliament’s lead negotiator on reform of the EU’s carbon market legislation (the ‘Emission Trading Scheme’), the cornerstone of the EU’s climate change ambitions. The legislation completed its parliamentary journey in February 2017. He co-authored a further eight pieces of energy and climate-specific legislation.

Lord Duncan is the Chair of the English Speaking Union (Scotland), a post he has held since 2014. He is also a board member of the Schwarzenegger Institute (University of Southern California), established by former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. Ian holds a first-class honours degree in geology from St Andrews University and a doctorate in paleontology from Bristol University.

Ben Heard, Ph.D.

Executive Director, Bright New World

Dr. Ben Heard is a leading voice for nuclear power as an essential part of the climate solution. He is Executive Director of Australia-based environmental NGO, Bright New World, and popular analyst, commentator and published energy researcher. He provides research, analysis and strategy development in sustainability and climate change to the private sector. He has advised large corporations on a range of climate, sustainability and stakeholder consultation challenges. Dr. Heard has taught sustainability and climate change at University of Adelaide, where he recently completed his doctorate in Clean Energy Systems and Advanced Nuclear. He also has a Masters in Corporate Sustainability Management from Monash University.


Robert Litterman, Ph.D.

Founding Partner, Kepos Capital former Head Of Risk, Goldman, Sachs & Co.

Dr. Robert Litterman is prominent in the global institutional investment management community. He serves on the boards of a number of endowments and financial services companies.

Dr. Litterman is a founding partner of Kepos Capital and the Chairman of its Risk Committee. Prior to founding Kepos Capital in 2010, he enjoyed a 23-year career at Goldman, Sachs & Co., where he served in research, risk management, investments and thought leadership roles. He was named a partner of Goldman Sachs in 1994 and became head of the firm-wide risk function. During his tenure at Goldman, Dr. Litterman researched and published a number of groundbreaking papers in asset allocation and risk management. He is the co-developer, with Fischer Black, of the Black-Litterman Global Asset Allocation Model, a key tool in investment management, and has co-authored books including The Practice of Risk Management and Modern Investment Management: An Equilibrium Approach.

Dr. Litterman earned a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Minnesota and a B.Sc. in Human Biology from Stanford University. He serves on a number of boards, including Commonfund, where he was elected Chair in 2014, Options Clearing Corporation, Resources for the Future, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Sloan Foundation and the World Wildlife Fund.

Ray A. Rothrock

Distinguished venture capitalist, nuclear/clean energy advocate

Ray A. Rothrock as a distinguished venture capitalist, nuclear/clean energy advocate, cyber expert, and author.  Ray is a recognized expert in venture technology investments, company building, and governance.

From 1988-2013, Mr. Rothrock was a partner at Venrock, a venture tech investment partnership founded by the Rockefeller family.  During his 25-year career at Venrock, Mr. Rothrock invested in over 50 technology companies.  His market leading cyber security investments included CloudFlare, Check Point Software, Vontu, PGP, Imperva, and Shape Security to name a few.   Today he is also a venture partner at Shield Capital.

In 2018 he authored Digital Resilience: Is Your Company Ready for the Next Cyber Threat, (Harper Collins) a management thought leadership book with a practical and effective strategy to win the cyber war.  In 2013 he was a co-executive producer of the nuclear energy documentary, Pandora’s Promise.  In 2019 he was a co-producer of the Emmy-nominated Chasing the Moon for PBS/American Experience.

He presently serves on the boards of Roku, Inc. (NASDAQ: ROKU), Check Point Software Technology (NASDAQ:  CHKP), and AeroSpace Corporation (FFRDC).  He is also a Member of the Corporation for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is a trustee of the Carnegie Institute of Science as well as director of the Nuclear Threat Initiative.  Ray is vice chairman of the board of the University of Texas/Texas A&M Investment Management Company (UTIMCO).  He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Ray holds a BS in Nuclear Engineering, Summa Cum Laude, from Texas A & M University, a MS in Nuclear Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and an MBA with Distinction from the Harvard Business School.

In Memoriam

J.R. (Dick) Engel

Former Chief Engineer Of Msre

J.R. (Dick) Engel was Chief Engineer of the first operating Molten Salt Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and a veteran MSR engineer. He was a member from inception of Terrestrial Energy’s technical team and more recently a member of its Advisory Board until his unexpected death in June 2017. Given Dick’s career-long experience with MSR development and his contribution to IMSR development, Terrestrial Energy wishes to acknowledge Dick’s invaluable knowledge, advice and support for the development of the IMSR.